Essay On Childrens Day In India Wikipedia Shqip

Children's Day is a day recognised to celebrate children. The day is celebrated on various calendar dates in different countries.

History[edit]

Children's Day was begun on the second Sunday of June in 1856 by Reverend Dr. Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsea, Massachusetts: Dr. Leonard held a special service dedicated to, and for the children. Dr. Leonard named the day Rose Day, though it was later named Flower Sunday, and then Children's Day.[1][2][3]

Children's Day was first officially declared a national holiday by the Republic of Turkey in 1929 with the set date of 23 April. Children's Day has been celebrated nationally since 1923 with the government and the newspapers of the time declaring it a day for the children. However, it was decided that an official declaration was needed to clarify and justify this celebration and the official declaration was made nationally in 1931 by the founder and the President of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.[4][5][6]

The International Day for Protection of Children is observed in many countries as Children's Day on 1 June since 1950. It was established by the Women's International Democratic Federation on its congress in Moscow (4 November 1949).[citation needed] Major global variants include a Universal Children's Holiday on 20 November, by United Nations recommendation.[7]

Universal Children's Day takes place annually on 20 November.[8] First proclaimed by the United Kingdom in 1954, it was established to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children.

That is observed to promote the objectives outlined in the Charter and for the welfare of children. On 20 November 1959 the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child.[9] The United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child on 20 November 1989 and can be found on the Council of Europe website.[10]

In 2000, the Millennium Development Goals outlined by world leaders in order to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. Albeit this applies to all people, the main objective is with regard to children.[9] UNICEF is dedicated to meeting the six of eight goals that apply to the needs of children so that they are all entitled to basic rights written in the 1989 international human rights treaty.[11] UNICEF delivers vaccines, works with policymakers for good health care and education and works exclusively to help children and protect their rights.[11]

In September 2012, the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations led the initiative for the education of children.[12] He firstly wants every child to be able to attend school, a goal by 2015.[12] Secondly, to improve the skill set acquired in these schools.[12] Finally, implementing policies regarding education to promote peace, respect and environmental concern.[12] Universal Children's Day is not just a day to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring awareness to children around the globe that have experienced violence in forms of abuse, exploitation and discrimination. Children are used as labourers in some countries, immersed in armed conflict, living on the streets, suffering by differences be it religion, minority issues, or disabilities.[13] Children feeling the effects of war can be displaced because of the armed conflict and may suffer physical and psychological trauma.[14] The following violations are described in the term "children and armed conflict": recruitment and child soldiers, killing/maiming of children, abduction of children, attacks on schools/hospitals and not allowing humanitarian access to children.[14] Currently there are about 153 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are forced into child labour.[15] The International Labour Organization in 1999 adopted the Prohibition and Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour including slavery, child prostitution and child pornography.[15]

A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child can be found on the UNICEF website.[16]

Canada co-chaired the World Summit for children in 1990 and in 2002 the United Nations reaffirmed the commitment to complete the agenda of the 1990 World Summit. This added to the UN Secretary-General's report We the Children: End-of Decade review of the follow-up to the World Summit for Children.[17]

The United Nations children's agency released a study[18] referencing the population increase of children will make up 90 per cent of the next billion people.[19]

Dates around the world[edit]

The officially recognized date of Children's Day varies from country to country. This section lists some significant examples, in order of date of observance.

Gregorian calendar
OccurrenceDatesCountries and regions

First Friday of January

Jan 6, 2017

Jan 5, 2018
Jan 4, 2019

 Bahamas

11 January

 Tunisia

Second Saturday of January

Jan 14, 2017
Jan 13, 2018
Jan 12, 2019

 Thailand

Second Sunday of February

Feb 12, 2017
Feb 11, 2018
Feb 10, 2019

 Cook Islands
 Nauru
 Niue
 Tokelau
 Cayman Islands

13 February

 Myanmar

First Sunday of March

March 5, 2017
March 4, 2018
March 3, 2019

 New Zealand

17 March

 Bangladesh

4 April

 Taiwan
 Hong Kong

5 April

 Palestine

12 April

 Bolivia
 Haiti

Last Saturday of April[20]

Apr 29, 2017
Apr 28, 2018
Apr 27, 2019

 Colombia

23 April

National Sovereignty and Children's Day

 Turkey

30 April

 Mexico

5 May

15 August

 Japan
 South Korea

Second Sunday of May

May 14, 2017
May 13, 2018
May 12, 2019

 Spain
 United Kingdom

10 May

 Maldives

17 May

 Norway

27 May

 Nigeria

Last Sunday of May

May 28, 2017
May 27, 2018
May 26, 2019

 Hungary

Ascension Day

May 25, 2017
May 10, 2018
May 30, 2019

 American Samoa
 Falkland Islands
 Solomon Islands

1 June

 Albania
 Algeria
 Angola
 Armenia
 Azerbaijan
 Belarus
 Benin
 Bulgaria
 Bosnia and Herzegovina

 People's Republic of China
 Cambodia
 Czech Republic
 East Timor
 Ecuador
 Estonia
 Ethiopia
 Georgia

 Guinea-Bissau
 Kazakhstan
 Kosovo
 Kyrgyzstan
 Laos
 Latvia
 Lebanon
 Lithuania
 Macedonia
 Macau

 Moldova
 Mongolia
 Montenegro
 Mozambique
 Myanmar
 Nicaragua
 Poland

 Portugal
 Romania
 Russia
 São Tomé and Príncipe
 Serbia
 Slovakia
 Slovenia

 Tajikistan
 Tanzania
 Turkmenistan
 Ukraine
 Uzbekistan
 Vietnam
 Yemen

2 June

 North Korea

Second Sunday of June

Jun 11, 2017
Jun 10, 2018
Jun 9, 2019

 United States

25 June25 Jun 2012

20 Oct 2013

19 Oct 2014

19 Oct 15~17

Syrian Arab Republic

1 July

 Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Third Sunday of July

Jul 16, 2017
Jul 15, 2018
Jul 21, 2019

 Cuba
 Panama
 Venezuela

23 July[21]

 Indonesia

29 July

 Colombia

First Sunday of August

Aug 6, 2017
Aug 5, 2018
Aug 4, 2019

 Uruguay[citation needed]

16 August

 Paraguay

Third Sunday of August

Aug 20, 2017
Aug 19, 2018
Aug 18, 2019

 Argentina
 Peru

9 September

 Costa Rica

10 September

 Honduras

Bhadra 29

14 Sept
15 Sept(leap year)

   Nepal

20 September

 Austria

 Germany

25 September Netherlands (Oosterhout)

1 October

 El Salvador
 Guatemala
 Sri Lanka

First Friday of October

Oct 6, 2017
Oct 5, 2018
Oct 4, 2019

 Singapore

First Wednesday of October (Children’s Day recognition and assignation)
Second Sunday of August (Children’s Day observance)

Oct 4, 2017
Oct 3, 2018
Oct 2, 2019

 Chile

8 October

 Iran

12 October

 Brazil

Fourth Saturday of October

Oct 28, 2017
Oct 27, 2018
Oct 26, 2019

 Malaysia

Fourth Wednesday of OctoberOct 26, 2016

Oct 25, 2017

 Australia (See: http://www.childrensweek.org.au/)

First Saturday of November

Nov 4, 2017
Nov 3, 2018
Nov 2, 2019

 South Africa

11 November

 Croatia

14 November

 India

20 November

Arab World
 Azerbaijan
 Canada
 Croatia
 Cyprus
 Egypt
 Ethiopia
 Finland
 France
 Greece
 Ireland
 Israel

 Kenya
 Malaysia

Children's Day in Donetsk, Ukraine, 2011

21 March 2018
World Down Syndrome Day

own syndrome is a naturally occurring chromosomal arrangement that has always been a part of the human condition, exists in all regions across the globe and commonly results in variable effects on learning styles, physical characteristics or health. Adequate access to health care, to early intervention programmes and to inclusive education, as well as appropriate research, are vital to the growth and development of the individual. In December 2011, the General Assembly declared 21 March as World Down Syndrome Day (A/RES/66/149). The General Assembly decided, with effect from 2012, to observe World Down Syndrome Day on 21 March each year, and Invites all Member States, relevant organizations of the United Nations system and other international organizations, as well as civil society, including non-governmental organizations and the private sector, to observe World Down Syndrome Day in an appropriate manner, in order to raise public awareness of Down syndrome. Read More...

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