The six principles of the Constitution are important because they make sure that our government will not be too powerful and that it will not be able to take our rights away from us very easily. All of the principles are aimed at this goal. Let us look at how this is so for each of the principles:
- Popular sovereignty. By giving the people the right to rule themselves, the Constitution protects our rights. We are the ones who are in charge and we will not be likely to vote for laws or representatives who take away our rights.
- Limited government. When we limit what the government can do, we make sure it is not too strong. We make sure that it does not have the power to take away our rights.
- Separation of powers. This ensures that no one part of government can get too strong. By giving different powers to the different branches, we make each branch too weak to tyrannize us. If there were one, all-powerful branch of government, it could more easily take away our rights.
- Checks and balances. This gives each branch power to stop the other branches from doing things to hurt us. For example, if the Congress passes a law that would take away our rights in some way, the President can veto it. This helps protect our rights.
- Judicial review. This is really just one aspect of checks and balances and separation of powers. It allows the Supreme Court to invalidate laws that are unconstitutional. By doing this, the Court can protect our freedoms from laws that infringe on them. For example, the Court protected the freedom of African Americans in the 1950s by ruling that laws that segregated schools were unconstitutional.
- Federalism. This splits power up between the states and the federal government. Again, this prevents any part of government from getting too powerful and abusing us. If the states have some power, they can resist federal attempts to reduce our rights.
Thus, all of the six principles of the Constitution are meant to prevent government from becoming too strong because a government that is too strong is one that can infringe on our rights.
Here is a video that further discusses these 6 principles:
Four Principles of the U.S. Constitution Essay
1327 Words6 Pages
Four Principles of the Constitution of US
In the USA and in each of the fifty states, the most basic fundamental is a constitution, which is a relatively simple document and is the self-designated supreme law of the land. As the supreme law of the land, Constitutional Law texts are generally divided into two parts. The first part is about the allocation of powers. This entails two basic principles of American Constitution:separation of powers and division of powers. The former one discusses the interaction among the three constituent elements of national goverment, while the latter one refers to the extent of power possessing by the federal goverment and specification of states' power. Both of the two principles function under one…show more content…
As the forerunner of bourgeoisie devided powers theory, Locker proposed the separation of powers(the legislative power, the executive power and the diplomatic power) under the predecessors' foundation, though the essence of Locker's theory only was legislative power and executive power sepration of powers. The genuine founder of the principle is Montesquieu who elaborated the thought systematically. After that, Amercian Paine and Jefferson developed and had consumated the theory. Many countries followed the theory to form their political systems, such as the US.
The Framers of the US Constitution wanted to prevent the concentration of power into the hands of one individual, or even one group of individuals, within the national government. Thus, they reduced all governmental functions to essentially three:legislative, executive, and judicial. Because they believed that the very root of tyranny was to allow these three essential governmental functions to be exercised by one person or group.1 Consequently, they deliberately set out to devide the three functions into three separate and distinct institutions under the principle of separaton of powers, so as to gform a more perfect Union h.
As a matter of fact, the separation of powers may be spoken of, not simply as a political theory for controlling----some would say handcuffing----government aganist a feared tendency to