Cause And Effect Essay On Capital Punishment

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Causes and Effects of Capital Punishment Essay

1922 Words8 Pages

Capital punishment, or otherwise known as the death penalty, is death sentenced upon a person by the state as a punishment for a crime. These crimes are known as capital crimes or capital offenses. Capital punishment has been practiced in many societies; now 58 nations practice the death penalty, while 97 nations have abolished it. In the past, it was common for the ruling party to make the offender known throughout the community for his or her criminal act. Thus, if the community were made aware of the consequences for breaking the laws, the crime rate would reduce. Such criminal penalties included: boiling to death, disembowelment, crucifixion and many more. As time went on the movement towards more humane treatments took hold. In the…show more content…

Since I have watched many movies and TV shows that involve death row inmates, I figured that through this essay I would be able to gain a solid understanding of this issue in today’s society. I began my research by trying to answer the question, “How does capital punishment affect society today?” I then realized that this question was too broad and then decided to break it up into three issues. Does capital punishment deter murder, does it go against human rights, thus making us uncivil, and does it led to the wrongful executions of innocent persons. All of these issues are important but to write an effective essay I would have to choose one of these issues. I believe that my sources are efficient at clearly stating the issue at hand and bringing forth an unbiased viewpoint. My sources provide an understanding of the issue “Does capital punishment deter murder?”. In order for someone to answer this question, he or she would have to at least comprehend the different sides of the issue. The three sides or perspectives that I believe would help include: yes - capital punishment deters murder rates, no – capital punishment doesn’t deter murder rates, and no – capital punishment encourages the taking of life. I believe that these questions will be able to better educate anyone who is unfamiliar with capital punishment and the effects it has on society. Since this topic is so widely debated across the world, there will be many different viewpoints but only three will

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...Mental Retardation and the DeathPenalty Many people have struggled in the attempt to establish a position on whether all convicted criminals who are legally declared to be mentally retarded should be excused from the deathpenalty. Today in America, this is a practice that 38 states still allow. Since 1983, over 60 people with mental illness or retardation have been executed in the United States. It is conservatively estimated that 5-10% of death row inmates suffer from serious mental illness. Mental illness is defined as "Any of various conditions characterized by impairment of an individual's normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning and caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic, or other factors, such as infection or head trauma." The issue in this paper, though, is not my opinion on the deathpenalty but how this act should be applied to a specific group of individuals. Research has shown that nearly all Death Row inmates suffer from brain damage due to illness or trauma, while a vast number have also experienced histories of severe physical and/or sexual abuse. Mental illness is not only a problem on Death Row. In 1998, the Bureau of Justice Statistics estimated that 283,000 mentally ill individuals were incarcerated in U.S. jails and prisons. Legislation has been passed barring the execution of juvenile or...

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